The “Historic Hall”
Constance in the Middle Ages
Development of the city
The historical model of Constance on the gallery provides a detailed view of the medieval town.
Constance on its way into modern times
Art from Constance in the Middle Ages
Reformation and Counter-Reformation
In political terms, the town sought to connect itself to the Protestant towns of Switzerland and the “Schmalkaldic Union of German Protestants”. In 1548, the Catholic Emperor Charles V decided to intervene in the matter. Constance lost its status as a free city and was appropriated by Austria. Catholicism was re-established. The reformers as well as many Protestant families were forced to leave Constance.
Arts and crafts from Constance
Constance art of the 18th and 19th century
The Biedermeier era
After the end of Napoleon’s rule, the political liberties of the citizens were curtailed at the Congress of Vienna (1815). The following “Restoration Period” triggered a strong turn towards “inwardness”: The citizens withdrew into the private sphere, played cards, collected knick-knacks, read poems and novels to themselves and smoked the tobacco pipe. At the same time there were great technological, economic and scientific upheavals, and a revolutionary new style of furniture was created. In Constance, French and Swiss immigrants founded partly successful textile companies. Soon a progressive political journalism of the growing unity and constitutional movement ventured back into the public eye. Typical everyday objects from this period, ironically called “Biedermeier” after 1850, are shown here.